Knox County Health Department

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is a liver disease caused by infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV). The virus is found in the blood of persons who have this disease and is spread by contact with infected blood.


What increases my risk for Hepatitis C infection?

Having a blood transfusion or organ transplant before July 1992

Having been treated for clotting problems with a blood product made before 1987

Having ever been on long-term kidney dialysis

Having ever injected street drugs, even once many years ago

If you are a healthcare worker exposed to blood in the workplace through accidental needlestick injuries

Having been a baby born to infected mothers

Hepatitis C can also be spread by sexual intercourse, but this does not occur very often.


Hepatitis C is not spread by:

Sharing eating utensils or drinking glasses

Casual contact



Food or water


Hugging or kissing


For more information on Hepatitis, visit the CDC’s Hepatitis webpage.